On the other hand, the disadvantages of the widespread use of pesticides are significant. They include pollution and death of domestic animals, loss of natural pest antagonists, resistance to pesticides, decreased pollination and honey bees, losses of adjacent crops, losses of fisheries and birds, and groundwater pollution. These were the advantages of pesticides, now let's look at the disadvantages of pesticides;. pesticides can contaminate soil, water, grass and other vegetation.
In addition to killing insects or weeds, pesticides can be toxic to a host of other organisms, including birds, fish, beneficial insects, and non-target plants. Insecticides are generally the most toxic class of pesticides, but herbicides can also pose risks to non-target organisms. After countless studies, pesticides have been linked to cancer, Alzheimer's disease, ADHD, and even birth defects. Pesticides also have the potential to damage the nervous system, the reproductive system and the endocrine system.
Pesticides can even be very harmful to fetuses because chemicals can pass from the mother during pregnancy or if a woman breastfeeds her child. Although a single piece of fruit with pesticides will not kill you, if they build up in your body, they can be potentially harmful to your health and should be avoided as much as possible. Pesticides can cause short-term adverse health effects, called acute effects, as well as chronic adverse effects that can occur months or years after exposure. Some examples of acute health effects include itchy eyes, rashes, blisters, blindness, nausea, dizziness, diarrhea, and death.
Examples of known chronic effects are cancers, birth defects, reproductive damage, immunotoxicity, neurological and developmental toxicity, and disruption of the endocrine system. The disadvantages of widespread use of pesticides are serious. Infections and deaths of domestic animals, loss of natural pest controls, resistance to pesticides, decreased pollination and honey bees, loss of agricultural yields in surrounding fields, loss of birds and fisheries, and groundwater pollution are just a few examples. We can conclude from the above analysis that pesticides and herbicides have many advantages and disadvantages.
Humans have not yet discovered the exact disadvantages of pesticides, as chemicals are causing soil fertility to deteriorate. The disadvantages of pesticides are not always immediately obvious, making these chemicals easier to ignore.